Culture: the ways in which a group of people live, passed down through generations
Shock: something sudden and violent
Culture shock: the feeling of bewilderment, distress, confusion, anxiety or uncertainty experienced upon arrival into a new environment
Standing in front of fifty people, giving a presentation (in Russian!) about culture shock for foreigners in Russia, I thought: have I really experienced culture shock here?
I imagined culture shock to be a bit like an illness, or perhaps a physical attack. You visit a new country and the differences immediately render you incapable of leading a normal life.
However, while our presentation covered various things that we had particularly noticed since our arrival in Russia as being different to their equivalent in England, the fundamentally negative and instantaneous impact was missing. We spoke about food and the absence of ready meals in Russian supermarkets; we spoke about the education system, the long days at university that sometimes begin at quarter to nine in the morning and finish at eight o’clock in the evening, the one-and-a-half hour duration of the lessons themselves; we spoke about the greater emphasis on gender roles here; and we spoke about the remarkable hospitality and kindness of Russians.
Does this count?
One evening in the car, stuck in traffic, I told a Russian friend my doubts that we had indeed experienced culture shock here, considering that on the whole my experiences have been positive and the word ‘shock’ suggests something violent and correspondingly negative. He agreed, throwing his arms in the air to suggest an explosion, and then shrugged his shoulders. ‘You experience culture shock wherever you go, whatever you do,’ he said. ‘First day at school, first day at work. Retirement from work. It’s all culture shock.’
Later, while having dinner together with his wife and a friend of theirs, he commented to them that I didn’t feel I’d experienced culture shock here. ‘We have to remedy this,’ he said. ‘We have to shock her!’ It turns out the Russians have a sense of humour after all.
There is no doubt that people here lead their lives differently to people in England; there are different priorities and different expectations. The city itself does not look the same. Putting aside the mere fact of these contrasts, however, it is the effect they have that culture shock refers to. Yes, I have noticed the differences. But have they made me feel bewildered, distressed, uncertain…?
Initially, I didn’t feel at home. I didn’t feel completely comfortable. And so, I suppose, unknowingly, I did feel a little uncertain in the new environment in which I found myself. A mild form of culture shock without the suddenness or the violence.
Perhaps what my Russian friend said in the car was true, for all that he was just trying to make me laugh: culture shock is more common and less severe than you might think. The expression itself is misleading, but culture shock can nonetheless creep up on you quietly, maybe even embrace you kindly; no traumatisation required.